Milestones in EU – Serbia relations

01-06-2000: Feira European Council states all SAP countries are “potential candidates” for EU membership

01-06-2003: At the Thessaloniki European Council summit, the Stabilization and Association Process (SAP) is confirmed as EU policy for the Western Balkans

01-10-2004: Council conclusions open up a process for a Stabilization and Association Agreement

01-10-2005: Negotiations launched for Stabilization and Association Agreement

03-05-2006: SAA negotiations called off, because Serbia’s co-operation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia has not improved

13-06-2007: SAA negotiations resume, after Serbia commits to cooperating fully with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

07-11-2007: SAA with Serbia is initialled

01-01-2008: Agreements on visa facilitation and readmission enter into force

18-02-2008: Council adopts revised European partnership for Serbia

29-04-2008: Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) and Interim agreement on trade and trade-related issues are signed in Luxembourg

19-12-2009: Visa requirement lifted for Serbs travelling to Schengen countries

22-12-2009: Serbia applies for EU membership

14-06-2010: EU members decide to start SAA ratification process

31-01-2011: Serbia replies to Commission questionnaire

14-10-2011: European Commission delivers its Opinion on Serbia’s EU membership application, granting candidate status based on one key priority.

01-03-2012: European Council confirms Serbia as a candidate country

28-06-2013: European Council endorsed the Commission’s recommendation to open negotiations with Serbia

01-09-2013: Entry into force of the EU-Serbia Stabilization and Association Agreement

17-12-2013: Council adopted the negotiating framework with Serbia and agreed to hold the 1st Intergovernmental Conference with Serbia in January 2014

21-01-2014: 1st EU-Serbia Intergovernmental Conference held

14-12-2015: The second Intergovernmental Conference on Serbia’s EU accession sees the opening of two out of 35 negotiating chapters. The negotiations were opened on Chapter 32, dealing with financial control and Chapter 35 (other issues)

18-7-2016: The third Intergovernmental Conference sees the opening of further negotiating chapters: 23 – dealing with judiciary reform and fundamental rights and 24 – dealing with justice, freedom and security

13-12-2016: The fourth Intergovernmental Conference sees the opening of another two negotiating chapters: 5 – dealing with public procurement and 25 – dealing with science and research which was closed immediately

27-02-2017: Serbia opens two chapters at the Intergovernmental Conference: Chapter 20 – Enterprise and Industrial Policy – and Chapter 26 – Education and Culture. The latter was provisionally closed the same day.

20-06-2017: Serbia opens another two chapters at the Sixth Intergovernmental Conference in Luxembourg: Chapter 7 – Intellectual Property and Chapter 29 – Customs Union.

11-12-2017: Another two chapters opened at the Intergovernmental Conference in Brussels: Chapter 6 – Company Law, and Chapter 30 – External Relations.

6-2-2018: The European Commission adopted a strategy for ‘A credible enlargement perspective for and enhanced EU engagement with the Western Balkans’

10-12-2018: The Intergovernmental Conference in Brussels saw the opening of another two chapters: 17 – Economic and Monetary Policy and 18 – Statistics

27-06-2019: The Intergovernmental Conference in Brussels saw the opening of Chapter 9 – Financial Services